The capacities to study and monitor terrestrial mammals need to be extended. Up-to-date information, reliable equipment, good handling skills, species identification knowledge are of crucial importance to study them. Structured information enabling to know the distribution and population trends of mammals better will help to protect the mammals better.
The Habitat Foundation wants to address this in the most efficient way by developing a capacities building program that will enhance the abilities on mammal field study and conservation in Eastern and Southeastern Europe.
The Habitat Foundation has conducted a small questionnaire research among the mammal workers (organizations and individuals) in Eastern Europe. The questionnaires were sent to nearly 200 people in Eastern Europe. About 20% of them have replied. The analyses of the replies on the needs showed impressive results. A synthesis is presented here.
These results were also discussed with other European mammal specialists/workers at the first meeting of the second European Mammal Atlas in Rome 2016. They did agree that these conclusions do represent the current situation.
Almost the whole group (94%) wrote that they need field equipment, 74% wrote they need specialised software for mapping, sound analyses, and statistics, and 62% wrote that they need specialised information and literature such as field identification guides and specific scientific publications.
We also asked if they think any training will be helpful and on what subject. The problems the people are facing in their work on nature conservation in these countries can be seen in the training they mentioned as needed. Training on fundraising, lobby and legislation were proposed by 44% up to 74% of the pool group. Nearly 80% wish to learn more about field study and monitoring techniques. More than 60% like to learn more about conservation measures.
In most of the countries the contacted people were biologists working for a park administration or for the National Natural History Museum/Academy of Science. In most of the cases all the equipment they have is a computer and their good will. No car, no special equipment, possibly a telephone, maybe a binocular or a camera. Rarely both.
Establish strong national NGOs in Eastern Europe that can join efforts and advocate for better protection and law implementation for mammals.
A. Mammals mapping, conservation, field studies and monitoring techniques
- Exchange of information in field study and monitoring techniques;
- Facilitate the development of biodiversity databases in the countries that don’t have them yet;
- Linking with the international open biodiversity databases, such as GBIF and Observation;
- Field work equipment per the country;
- Literature: field identification guides, tracks and footprints identification, etc.
B. Future for mammal conservation: find the leaders in mammal research and conservation
- Building capacities in NGO organisation and development;
- Providing information and office equipment;
- Advancing the cooperation forms between the mammalogists in Europe;
- Training courses in project management, fundraising, marketing and communication.
- Improve the advocacy on mammals